Alternative Complimentary Therapies
Conclusion Part 1
This study has approached the project question, How do self-drawings
in art therapy help people with schizophrenia? with four chapters.
Chapter one identified how schizophrenic symptoms can be recognised
through drawings of the self in the form of personal attributes.
Chapter two gave accounts from individual sufferers, displaying
their personal experiences and characteristics that mark their
illness and the role of self-portraits. The sufferers symptoms
can be seen to be expressed through their drawings. Chapter three
recognises the importance of the therapist and places emphasis
on their facilitation, rather than interpretation. The art therapist's
skills and presence help build a therapeutic relationship.
This is pinpointed as having healing qualities of its own.
Chapter four draws on the therapeutic properties of self-drawings.
Self-expression is one of the main ways that the individual benefits.
Understanding their illness helps them gain a clearer sense of
self, this is revealed when drawing themselves. Through the individuals
engagement in these drawings they can recognise what is real
and what are the symptoms of their illness. Thus, in turn, helping
them to form an identity and a unclouded view of the world and
their place in it.
These chapters and the individual accounts included, therefore
reflect how schizophrenia can be identified through drawings
of the self and how they can help the sufferer.
However, it should be stated that this has been achieved to
only a certain degree. There has been limited investigation within
this area, thus, making this dissertation limited. The study
carried out by Lev-Wiesel and Shvero (2003) is significant in
this area. Identified from their study was the need for clearer
definitions of the different sub groups of schizophrenia. This
would make the research more precise, as the sub groups have
symptoms unique to that group. This would be reflected in the
individuals drawings, the indications that matched the groups
symptoms would be present. In turn, this would also give the
self-drawings more credibility, leading on to a confident diagnosis
of the physical symptoms of schizophrenia through self-drawings.
As it stands self-drawings are not adequately reliable for diagnosis
of schizophrenia and for this reason are not used.